1. The main raw materials are nitrate and nitrate. Nitric Acid is used to prepare a series of nitrate fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate. It is also used to prepare nitrates or nitro-containing explosives.
2. Because nitric acid is oxidizing and acidic, it can also be used to purify metals: the impure metals are first oxidized to nitrate, the impurities are removed, and then reduced. Nitric acid can passivate iron without further corrosion. It can also be used to produce nitrogen fertilizer, aqua royale, nitrate, nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose, nitrobenzene, picric acid and so on.
3. Nitroglycerin is produced by adding glycerin to concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid. It is a colorless or yellow transparent oily liquid. It's a very unstable substance. It breaks down on impact, producing high temperatures and a lot of gas. The sudden expansion of the gas caused a violent explosion. Nitroglycerin is therefore a powerful explosive.
4. 2,4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is the most widely used nitrogenous explosive in the military. It is made by reacting toluene with concentrated nitric acid and Concentrated Sulfuric Acid. This product is yellow flake, with large explosive power, stable chemical property and low moisture absorption. It is commonly used as an explosive for cannonballs, grenades, mines and torpedoes. It can also be used in blasting operations, such as mining. Organic synthetic raw materials, concentrated nitric acid can be produced from nitrobenzene, anthracene, naphthalene and other aromatic compounds.
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